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Cast Iron

100% recyclable and extremely durable

Iron ore is very abundant, making up to a third of the Earth’s total mass. The material commonly referred to as cast iron is made up of iron ore with the addition of between 2% and 4% of carbon, present as graphite.

The Casting Process
The casting process has remained unchanged for thousands of years. Cast iron products are manufactured in sand moulds into which molten iron is poured. The moulds are created by imprinting the shape into a box of sand. Once filled with molten iron at the foundry, the mould is left to cool and solidify. When cold the casting is removed by breaking the sand away to reveal the cast item. Each mould can be used only once. Furnitubes manufacture products in two types of cast iron: GREY IRON and S.G. IRON (ductile iron).

Grey Cast Iron
Grey Cast Iron is the most common general purpose cast iron. Manufacture is straightforward and it can easily be cast into intricate shapes. The graphite is present in large flat flakes within the crystal structure of the iron. These flakes behave like microscopic fault lines allowing cracks to propagate through an item when it is over-loaded. Because of this, grey iron is brittle and will not absorb a great deal of impact energy before failure. Grey iron will be the most economic choice for items that do not need to provide any structural or protective function.

S.G. Ductile Iron
Spheroidal Graphite Cast Iron differs from grey iron in that carbon is present in different percentage proportions, in the form of spherical nodules rather than flat flakes. These nodules do not encourage crack propagation. S.G. Iron is ductile; deforming before it fails making it tough; able to absorb significant impact energy. The manufacturing process for S.G. Iron is complex and the casting process more difficult than grey cast iron. Consequently S.G. items are more expensive. S.G. cast iron should be used for structural items or where impact is likely.

Well maintained cast iron products have high corrosion resistance and longevity as demonstrated by early 18th century cast iron street furniture that can still be seen in many provincial towns and cities throughout Europe.
Unlike steel, unprotected cast iron can remain exposed to the elements for several years without undue effect on the products structural integrity. However, if the protective coatings are allowed to deteriorate, oxidation will occur and attempt to spread over the surface and will lift the paint or coating surrounding the damaged area. From a cosmetic point of view, it is therefore best to remove any oxidation with a wire brush and re-paint the damaged area to prevent the oxidation spreading. (Note: oxidation does not constitute a health and safety hazard).

If supplied as Primed finish:

  • Interseal 670HS - A low VOC, Two Pack high build, high solids surface tolerant epoxy maintenance coating. Semi-gloss

If supplied as Gloss finish:

  • Interseal 670HS - Two Pack Primer

  • Interfine 691 Two Pack epoxy acrylic isocyanate free cosmetic Gloss finish

Paint manufacturer's Safety Data sheets are available on request.

NOTE: Cast products will have Furnitubes' branding on them.

Address: 3rd Floor, Meridian House, Royal Hill, Greenwich, London SE10 8RD

Telephone: +44 (0)20 8378 3200

Email: sales@furnitubes.com

© Copyright Furnitubes International Ltd, 2010-2016

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